Urbanization and Mental Health: Exploring the Relationship in Developing Cities


  • Prof. Shabana Khan (International Relations, University of Karachi)


Urbanization, Mental health, Developing cities, Stressors, Protective factors, Mental health issues, Interventions, Urban planning, Social policy


Rapid urbanization in developing countries has brought undeniable economic and social progress, but it has also come at a cost. One concerning consequence is the potential impact on mental health, particularly in densely populated and resource-constrained environments. This article examines the complex relationship between urbanization and mental health in developing cities, drawing on scholarly references and real-world examples. It explores the various stressors associated with urban life, such as social isolation, economic insecurity, and environmental noise, while also acknowledging the potential protective factors like access to healthcare and social support networks. The article analyzes the prevalence of specific mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and substance abuse in developing city contexts, highlighting the need for culturally sensitive and context-specific interventions. By emphasizing the importance of multi-layered approaches, including urban planning, social policy, and mental health services, the article advocates for a holistic understanding of the urbanization-mental health nexus and promotes the development of resilient and supportive urban environments.